The graph below shows the percentage of Public Service staff in part-time[1] work between 2009 and 2019. Over this period, despite legislative reforms that widened access to flexible working arrangements, the percentage of part-time workers has been trending downwards (7.9% in 2009 to 4.6% in 2019). Figures from Stats NZ’s Household Labour Force Survey shows there is also a downward trend in the wider labour market (22.5% in 2009 to 20.4% in 2019).

On average, part-time workers are paid 12% less than full-time workers on a full-time equivalent basis (as at 30 June 2019).

The use of part-time employment as a flexible working option can be better understood by analysing the demographic profile of people who work part-time, as well as other factors such as their occupation and the type of employment agreement. These factors are explored in this visualisation below.

The visualisation above shows that part-time work is high in early career (probably in conjunction with study), during the ages when caring for children is more likely, and near retirement age.

Part-time work is considerably more likely to be taken up by females than males. This is likely due to social norms around women’s role as carers.

Part-time work is more prevalent in some occupational groups: Social, Health and Education Workers; Clerical and Administrative Workers; and Contact Centre Workers. These are also the occupations most held by women. Occupations that are male dominated, such as ICT Professionals and Technicians, are less likely to be worked part-time.

A higher proportion of fixed-term employment agreements are for part-time work compared to permanent employment agreements.

[1] A part-time job is defined as someone working less than 0.75 of a full-time equivalent position.

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