Staff numbers

Staff numbers in the Public Service

In the year to 30 June 2007, the number of staff in the Public Service increased by 5% to a 44,335 headcount and 42,047 full-time equivalents (FTEs). Staff numbers have grown for seven consecutive years. Table 1 sets out staff numbers for the last five years and shows annual increases have ranged between 5 and 10%.

The increase in staff numbers this year is wholly in permanent staff, as fixed-term staff numbers decreased from a headcount of 3,607 in 2006 to 3,359 in 2007.

Changes in staff numbers varied between departments. The percentage change over the year ranged from -10% for Land Information New Zealand to 20% for the SSC (excluding major machinery of government changes).

Most departments increased staff numbers in the year to 30 June 2007. Twenty six departments reported an increase in the number of staff, three had no change and five departments decreased the number of staff. See Appendix 1 for details of staffing in individual departments since 2002.

Table 1. Public Service employment, 2002-2007

                 
   

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Headcount

           

Open-term

30,528

32,200

34,477

36,612

38,661

40,976

Fixed-term

2,310

2,245

3,388

3,713

3,607

3,359

Total Headcount

32,838

34,445

37,865

40,325

42,268

44,335

Percentage change

 

5%

10% 4

6%

5%

5%

Full Time Equivalents (FTEs)

           

Open-term

29,514

31,107

33,131

35,231

37,340

39,499

Fixed-term

2,070

2,012

2,514

2,801

2,773

2,548

Total FTE

31,587

33,118

35,645

38,032

40,113

42,047

Percentage change

 

5%

8%

7%

5%

5%

   

Increases in staff numbers at the Inland Revenue Department and the Department of Corrections had the greatest impact on overall Public Service staff numbers in the last year. The majority of additional staff at the Inland Revenue Department were employed to support the implementation of new programmes, for example KiwiSaver. The staff increase in the Department of Corrections results from growth in the Public Prison Service and the Community Probation Service.  The Public Prison Service has commissioned new facilities (Auckland Regional Women's Correction Facility, Otago Regional Correctional Facility and Spring Hill Correctional Facility) while growth in the Community Probation Service reflects a general increase across all locations.

Machinery of government changes have had a significant impact on individual department staff numbers over the last year, in particular with the Child Youth and Family Service being incorporated into the Ministry of Social Development.

Comparison to wider public sector and labour market

As at 30 June 2007 the Public Service made up 14% of total public sector employment, and has grown more rapidly than the other parts of the sector over the last five years. Figure 1 shows the number of employees in 2002 and 2007 for the different parts of the public sector. Over this period the Public Service increased by 35%, Local Government increased by 31%, whereas the Health and Education Services both increased by 8%. Employment in the public sector as a whole increased by 32,445 (11%) compared with an increase of 251,700 (13%) in the employed labour force. At 30 June 2007 the public sector had 324,086 employees.

Figure 1. Number of employees in the public sector, 2002 and 2007

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Source: Statistics NZ. Quarterly Employment Survey and HRC (2002 and 2007 June quarters)

Staffing by occupation

Occupation reporting has changed this year following the move to the new ANZSCO classification for occupation.

The Public Service has a different mix of occupations than the wider labour market. Table 2 shows the Public Service by the broadest ANZSCO occupation groups. The largest occupation groups in the Public Service are Professionals, and Clerical and Administration workers, which make up 75% of the Public Service. These groups comprise only 31% of the labour market as a whole.

Table 2. ANZSCO Major Groups, 2007 Public Service and 2006 Census

Occupations Major Group (ANZSCO)

Headcount 2007

percentage 2007

Labour Market (2006 Census)

Managers

3,912

9%

17%

Professionals

17,997

41%

19%

Technicians and Trades Workers

1,178

3%

12%

Community and Personal Service Workers

5,828

13%

8%

Clerical and Administration Workers

14,963

34%

12%

Sales Workers

12

0%

9%

Machinery Operators and Drivers

64

0%

6%

Labourers

70

0%

11%

Unknown

311

1%

6%

Total

44,335

   

In previous years, HRC reporting has used specific Public Service occupation groups that were different from the Statistics New Zealand groups. The SSC is looking at whether to create new Public Service occupation groups for the new classification.

 

4 In 2004 1,035 employees were reclassified from casual employees (outside of the survey scope) to permanent or temporary employees. Without this change the percentage increase in Headcount for 2004 would have been 7%.

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