Working Paper No. 3. Author: Lindsey MacDonald, August 1999. In 1989, the Canadian government declared its Policy and Expenditure Management System (PEMS), an integral part of Canada's public management system, that had been in place for over a decade, a failure.

PEMS aimed to improve planning in the public sector, control government expenditure and give Ministers some control over government direction, and have some parallels with the system envisaged in New Zealand under the Strategic Result Area (SRA) Networks (State Services Commission, A Better Focus on Outcomes Through SRA Networks, Occasional Paper No. 3, November 1998). On the basis of this parallel, this paper addresses the lessons that emerge from the Canadian experience and their relevance for thinking about public management in New Zealand. Note: Publication of the Working Papers Series recognises the value of developmental work in generating policy options. The papers in this series were prepared for the purpose of informing policy development. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be taken to be the views of the State Services Commission. The Commission view may differ in substance or extent from that contained in this paper.

Copyright: Crown copyright

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